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Quality of Life in Adolescents and Young Adults With a Chronic Medical Condition: The Role of Perceived Maturity and Transition Readiness

Published:September 02, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pedhc.2022.07.008

      Introduction

      Adolescents and young adults (AYA) with a chronic medical condition (CMC) attending college must learn to manage their own healthcare (i.e., transition readiness). Maturity has been linked to positive outcomes in AYAs. Research has established a positive relationship between transition readiness and quality of life. The current study aimed to examine a model of perceived maturityàtransition readinessàmental and physical quality of life.

      Method

      AYA (N = 153) with a CMC completed self-report questionnaires.

      Results

      The perceived maturity→transition readiness→mental quality of life indirect path was significant (ab = 1.96, 95% CI = 0.53 to 3.62). The perceived maturity→transition readiness→physical quality of life direct and indirect paths were not significant.

      Discussion

      Results showed that maturity and transition readiness are positively associated. Transition readiness may be one mechanism by which maturity results in enhanced quality of life.

      Practice Implications

      Findings highlight the value of enhancing strengths such as maturity to promote AYA independence/autonomy.

      KEY WORDS

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      Biography

      Taylor M. Dattilo, Research Assistant, Center for Pediatric Psychology, Department of Psychology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK.

      Biography

      Rachel S. Fisher, Research Assistant, Center for Pediatric Psychology, Department of Psychology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK.

      Biography

      Caroline M. Roberts, Postdoctoral Fellow, Center for Pediatric Psychology, Department of Psychology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK.

      Biography

      Christina M. Sharkey, Assistant Professor, Division of Neurology, Children's National Hospital, Washington, DC.

      Biography

      Ashley Clawson, Assistant Professor, Center for Pediatric Psychology, Department of Psychology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK.

      Biography

      John M. Chaney,  Regents Professor, Center for Pediatric Psychology, Department of Psychology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK.

      Biography

      Larry L. Mullins,  Regents Professor, Center for Pediatric Psychology, Department of Psychology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK.