Schools are essential settings for research that tests the effectiveness of health educational interventions in natural settings (classrooms). There are several reasons schools are important research settings. First, public schools serve over 50 million youth, and private schools serve an additional 5 million youth (
United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics et al., 2015). Most school-aged children are served by formal schools and spend most of their waking hours in school settings. Second, schools serve as a focus of community activity and identity. Many schools host community events including after-school programs, summer programs, community meetings, and official polling locations for elections. Third, school settings enable health programs to efficiently reach large numbers of children and their families. Strong partnerships with school personnel and stakeholders enhance the reach and impact of these programs. Although schools are an important setting for recruitment efforts, there are also important barriers to using schools as a setting for research projects. The purpose of this article is to describe challenges to implementing scientific studies in schools and ways to develop effective practices to improve recruitment and retention and to sustain partnerships in school-based studies. A series of practical strategies for effective collaboration between schools and research projects will be shared.
United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics
All levels of education.
All levels of education.
in: Snyder T.D. Dillow S.A. Digest of education statistics: 2013. NCES 2015-011. National Center for Education Statistics, Washington, DC2015: 11-64
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Laureen H. Smith, Associate Professor and Director of Community Outreach and Engagement, College of Nursing, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.
Rick L. Petosa, Professor, College of Education and Human Ecology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.
Published online: June 16, 2016
Conflicts of interest: None to report.
Copyright © 2016 by the National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.