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Primary Care Interventions to Reduce Childhood Obesity in Latino Families

Published:December 08, 2015DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pedhc.2015.11.002

      Abstract

      Introduction

      Increasing rates of obesity in Latino children call for culturally sensitive primary care interventions. Despite recent efforts to address this growing disparity, little is known about cultural variables that influence obesity management programs in Latino children.

      Methods

      A literature search was conducted using CINHAL, Scopus, PubMed, and PsycINFO to review the state of the science regarding primary care interventions to decrease obesity in Latino children. The author analyzed the effects of several cultural practices on obesity and made recommendations based on their clinical implications for weight reduction management programs.

      Results

      Obesity in Latino children is a multifactorial problem influenced by family behaviors, cultural perceptions of weight and health, traditional dietary norms, and socioeconomic status. Current practice lags behind national obesity management recommendations and is further hindered by a lack of consideration of the roles of key cultural differences in Latino families.

      Discussion

      It is imperative to recognize the importance of family preferences and culture when developing weight reduction programs so as to foster long-term behavior changes. More research assessing the efficacy of culturally competent interventions is necessary to guide national efforts to address this increasing disparity.

      Key Words

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      Biography

      Giulliana Gonzalez, Pediatric Nurse Practitioner, Department of Pediatric Primary Care, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.