Article| Volume 28, ISSUE 6, P478-485, November 2014

Development of a Positive Psychology Intervention to Improve Adherence in Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes



      Novel interventions are needed to improve adherence to treatment in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. In this article, we describe the development, feasibility, and acceptability of a positive psychology intervention for this population.


      Adolescents and their parents (n = 39) were randomly assigned to either a positive psychology intervention or an attention control group. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected on feasibility and acceptability. Descriptive and content analysis methods were used.


      Recruitment was successful, participation and satisfaction were high in both groups, and retention was excellent over 6 months. In the positive psychology group, adolescents and their parents noted benefits related to increased positive communication and thinking more about diabetes care. We also identified challenges to implementation.


      Although more research is indicated, a positive psychology framework emphasizing positive emotions and strengths, rather than problems, may be beneficial to adolescents living with a complex chronic illness.

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      Sarah S. Jaser, Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN.


      Niral Patel, Research Analyst, Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN.


      Rebecca Linsky, Research Assistant, School of Nursing, Yale University, New Haven, CT.


      Robin Whittemore, Associate Professor, School of Nursing, Yale University, New Haven, CT.