Novel interventions are needed to improve adherence to treatment in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. In this article, we describe the development, feasibility, and acceptability of a positive psychology intervention for this population.
Adolescents and their parents (n = 39) were randomly assigned to either a positive psychology intervention or an attention control group. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected on feasibility and acceptability. Descriptive and content analysis methods were used.
Recruitment was successful, participation and satisfaction were high in both groups, and retention was excellent over 6 months. In the positive psychology group, adolescents and their parents noted benefits related to increased positive communication and thinking more about diabetes care. We also identified challenges to implementation.
Although more research is indicated, a positive psychology framework emphasizing positive emotions and strengths, rather than problems, may be beneficial to adolescents living with a complex chronic illness.
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Sarah S. Jaser, Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN.
Niral Patel, Research Analyst, Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN.
Rebecca Linsky, Research Assistant, School of Nursing, Yale University, New Haven, CT.
Robin Whittemore, Associate Professor, School of Nursing, Yale University, New Haven, CT.
Published online: April 27, 2014
This research was supported by grants from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (K23 DK088454 and DP3 DK104055) and a Yale School of Nursing Intramural Pilot/Feasibility Grant.
Conflicts of interest: None to report.
© 2014 National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.